Table 1.

Laboratory results at presentation and on further investigation.a

ParameterResultReference interval
    Blood Chemistry
        Potassium, mmol/L2.53.6–5.0
        Calcium, mmol/L2.462.15–2.60
        Sodium, mmol/L140135–145
        Chloride, mmol/L9695–108
        Magnesium, mg/dL1.211.7–2.2
        Creatinine, mg/dL0.780.50–1.20
        Urea, g/dL3418–55
        Total protein, mg/dL7.16.6–8.3
        Glucose, mg/dL8560–99
        Uric acid, mg/dL5.73.6–7.0
        Aspartate transaminase, U/L20<40
        Alanine transaminase, U/L16<40
        Lactate dehydrogenase, U/L134120–230
        Bilirubin, mg/dL1.2<1.4
    Complete blood count
        Leukocytes, ×103 cells/μL40003600–10000
        Erythrocytes, ×106 cells/μL5.364.50–5.90
        Hemoglobin, g/dL15.913.0–17.5
        Platelets, ×103 cells/μL182150–410
Further investigation
    Urine chemistry
        Potassium, mmol/24 h12625–125
        Sodium, mmol/24 h27740–220
        Calcium, mmol/24 h1.52.5–7.5
        Phosphate, mmol/24 h2113–42
        Chloride, mmol/24 h342110–250
        Testosterone, ng/mL5.022.39–8.36
        Cortisol, ng/mL12859–217
        Adrenocorticotropic hormone, pg/mL46.84.7–48.8
        Thyroid-stimulating hormone, μIU/mL2.490.5–4.3
    Arterial blood gas analysis
        pCO2, mmHg41.735–48
        HCO3, mmol/L28.921–28
        Base excess, mmol/L4.9−2 to 3
  • a To convert magnesium from mg/dL to mmol/L, multiply by 0.411; creatinine from mg/dL to μmol/L, multiply by 88.4; urea from g/dL to mmol/L, multiply by 166.5; glucose from mg/dL to mmol/L, multiply by 0.0555; uric acid from mg/dL to mmol/L, multiply by 0.059; bilirubin from mg/dL to μmol/L, multiply by 17.1; calcium from mmol/24 h to mg/dL, multiply by 40; and phosphate from mmol/24 h to g/24 h, multiply by 0.033.