Table 5.

Risk of death from CVD by GGT quartile.a

Person-yearsEvents, nMortality rate (per 10000 person-years)Age · sex- adjusted HR (95% CI)Multivariate HR (95% CI)b
Model 1Model 2Model 3
GGT quartile, IU/L
    1–12291168.4220.81.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)1.00 (reference)
    13–19260717.4311.21.01 (0.58–1.76)0.98 (0.53–1.81)0.92 (0.50–1.69)0.92 (0.50–1.70)
    20–34275813.7552.01.35 (0.79–2.31)1.33 (0.73–2.39)1.18 (0.65–2.14)1.21 (0.67–2.20)
    ≥35273610.3702.61.66 (0.97–2.83)1.57 (0.84–2.94)1.30 (0.69–2.44)1.35 (0.72–2.56)
P for trend0.0160.0690.2430.194
  • a Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate HRs and 95% CIs.

  • b Model 1: adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, alcohol intake, regular exercise, BMI, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Model 2: model 1 plus adjustment for hypertension, diabetes, history of heart disease, and history of stroke. Model 3: model 2 plus fatty liver.