Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of participants according to fasting status.a

CharacteristicAllNonfastingFasting
n26509639120118
Age, years53 (49–59)52 (48–58)53 (49–59)
Hypertension6672 (27.2)1437 (22.5)5235 (26.0)
Current smoking3075 (11.6)713 (11.2)2362 (11.8)
Diabetes mellitus635 (2.4)174 (2.7)461 (2.3)
Postmenopausal14420 (54.5)3241 (50.8)11179 (55.6)
Postmenopausal hormone use11564 (43.7)2817 (44.2)8747 (43.6)
Total cholesterol, mg/dL208 (184–236)205 (181–234)209 (185–236)
LDL-C, mg/dL121.5 (100.8–144.6)117.1 (96.8–139.8)122.9 (102.1–145.9)
HDL-C, mg/dL51.9 (43.2–62.4)51.8 (42.9–62.2)52.0 (43.3–62.4)
BMI24.9 (22.5–28.3)24.9 (22.3–28.3)24.9 (22.5–28.3)
hsCRP, mg/L2.02 (0.81–4.37)1.96 (0.78–4.33)2.03 (0.82–4.39)
  • a Data are median (25th–75th percentile) or n (%) unless noted otherwise. To convert triglycerides to mmol/L, multiply by 0.0113. To convert LDL-C and HDL-C to mmol/L, multiply by 0.0259. To convert hsCRP to mmol/L, multiply by 9.524.