Table 2.

Characteristics according to sex.

CharacteristicWomenMenPa
nValuenValue
Age, years528150.2 (17.1)442949.7 (16.4)0.218
Clinical characteristics
    Diabetes mellitus, n (%)5273136 (2.6)4417140 (3.2)0.047
    Hypertension, n (%)5266600 (11.4)4420471 (10.7)0.131
    Myocardial infarction, n (%)527073 (1.4)4408209 (4.7)<0.001
    Current smoking, n (%)52181528 (29.3)43911206 (27.5)0.026
    Mean systolic blood pressure, mmHg (SD)5261134.8 (23.9)4409136.5 (21.9)<0.001
Laboratory measurements
    Mean eGFR, mL · min−1 · (1.73 m2)−1 (SD)528168.1 (12.7)442976.3 (13.0)<0.001
    Mean cholesterol, mg/dL (SD)b5281228 (50)4429224 (46)<0.001
    Mean HDL cholesterol, mg/dL (SD)528158 (15)442650 (12)<0.001
    Geometric mean C-reactive protein, mg/L (95% CI)52750.96 (0.92–1.00)44290.82 (0.78–0.86)<0.001
  • a χ2 test was used for categorical variables, ANOVA for continuous variables.

  • b To convert cholesterol concentrations from mg/dL to mmol/L, multiply by 0.02586.