Background: Plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentration reflects cardiac dysfunction and assists in determining the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure (HF). Current BNP assays overestimate circulating bioactive BNP1-32 concentrations as they also detect less active BNP metabolites and proBNP. A specific BNP1-32 assay with negligible cross-reactivity to proBNP and/or BNP metabolites may be advantageous.
Methods: We developed a Luminex-based specific BNP1-32 immunoassay and compared results obtained from 3 other BNP assays (a Luminex-based total-BNP assay, our BNP RIA, and the commercially available Abbott Architect BNP assay) in plasma from 42 patients with HF and 22 healthy controls.
Results: The BNP1-32 assay showed 57% cross-reactivity with BNP2-32, but ≤0.1% cross-reactivity to BNP3-32, other BNP metabolites, and proBNP; its detection limit was 0.35 ng/L; and intra- and interassay CVs were <15%.
BNP immunoreactivity increased with HF severity (median concentrations being 0.3, 0.8, 26.2, and 17.3 ng/L in healthy controls and 40.7, 139, 465, and 1778 ng/L in HF patients for the BNP1-32, total-BNP, BNP RIA, and Abbott BNP assays respectively). The fold increase between HF cases with the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV was significantly greater with the BNP1-32 assay than the Abbott BNP (P = 0.026) and the BNP RIA (P < 0.0001) but not the total-BNP assay.
Conclusions: We have developed the first assay that measures BNP1-32 in plasma without interference by proBNP. Analysis of larger patient cohorts is now required to compare the performance of this assay with current less specific assays for the diagnosis or prognosis of HF.
- Received for publication November 28, 2016.
- Accepted for publication February 27, 2017.
- © 2017 American Association for Clinical Chemistry