Retinol, alpha-tocopherol, lycopene, and alpha- and beta-carotene can be simultaneously determined in human plasma by reversed-phase liquid chromatography. Plasma--0.5 mL plus added internal standard, retinyl acetate--is deproteinized with 0.5 mL of ethanol, then extracted with 1.0 mL of petroleum ether. The organic layer is removed and evaporated, the residue is redissolved in 0.25 mL of ethanol, and 8-microL samples are injected into a 60 X 4.6 mm column of Hypersil ODS 3-microns particles at 35 degrees C. An isocratic methanol mobile phase, flow rate 0.9 mL/min, is used for the 9-min run. Retinol and retinyl acetate are monitored at 305 nm, the tocopherols at 292 nm, and the carotenoids at 460 nm. Between-run CVs were 3.1, 6.9, 6.1, and 6.5% for retinol, alpha-tocopherol, lycopene, and beta-carotene, respectively. Small sample requirement, simplicity of extraction, short run time, and good reproducibility make this procedure ideal for clinical or research use.
- © 1986 The American Association for Clinical Chemistry